Aleksandra Wojnar, The History of Certain Polish Peasant Who didn't want to be a German Bauer. Few Words about the Implementation of Agricultural Bill in 1933 in Prudnik Area and about Geneva Convention

The article describes the situation and the laws laid upon Polish minority in Silesia region by Geneva Convention. It focuses on individual case that was introduced to the court in Prudnik. A Polish Peasant from Radostynia applied for signing his premise off the German cadastre of the hereditary premises because of his Polish descent. Cadastres were introduced by the act of Reichserbhogesetz from 1933. It contained the information about husbandmen who measured up to the requirements of the act such as 'true blood' and Aryan descend. The husbandman from Radostynia appealed against the sign up. He supported his application notice with articles from Geneva Convention. The aim of the Reichserbhogesetz was to protect the old German husbandmen and the purity of German nation's true blood. It was against the regulations of Geneva Convention that guarantees the rights of minorities and protection of their property. The court declined husbandman's application. The argument about being a member of the minority was irrelevant. 'True blood' was defined as a membership to Europe's nations. The charge of germanisation was also unfounded because the court brought up the argument of Polish an German common history. The court stated an opinion that the entry to the cadastre did not restrict Pole's freedom and that the sign up's benefits were greater than weaker sides of the act. The complaint was then handed over to National Court in Celle. The court also declined the application stating that the case was investigated in compliance with the abiding law. The case of Polish farmer from Radostnia depicts the situation of Polish minority in the German area of Silesia and the legal aid they were provided with by the Polish Union in Grmany with its headquaters in Raciborz. The case ended up in a fisco for the plantiff, however it shone a light on the ideological and economic basis of the Third Reich. To overcome an economic crisis was a priority and the 'true blood' Polish minority was trated as the crucial factor in this struggle.