Aleksander Woźny – The Union of Poles in Germany in the Assessment of Capt. Wojciech Lipiński (Branch No. 2 of the Second Department of the General Staff of the Polish Army)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs took care of the Polish population in Germany through specialized agencies. After Poland and the Third Reich signed the Declaration on the peaceful settlement of disputes on January 26th 1934, the attitude of the Nazi authorities towards it changed dramatically. At the same time, minister Józef Beck, in the name of political correctness, forbade the military intelligence to engage representatives of the Polish population in espionage activities. Jan Skala assessed that the credibility of the western neighbor in the context of minority policy would be questionable. The UPG was also somewhat reserved about the MFA's policy towards its western neighbor. It was considered naive and fatal in the long run. The UPG itself was not without fault considering the organizational activities. In the years 1935–1936 the Polish national movement was gradually losing its power and in the end it came to a split. According to prof. Marek Masnyk the split was related to the rivalry between the two main political camps in Poland fighting for influence in the Polish movement in Germany. Confirmation of the complicated situation in the UPG resulted in the publication of the wartime report of 1940 by Captain Wojciech Lipiński, the operational officer of Branch 2 in Warsaw, which is part of the 2nd Department of the General Staff of the Polish Army.